Pamplona: Francisco Antonio de Neyra, impressor del Reyno, 1714.  leaves, 380 [i.e. 388] pp.,  leaves index. Error in pagination repeating 81-88. Illus. with b/w engravings. Sm. 8vo. Full contemporary vellum with manuscript title, string closures. First edition. A very good copy, vellum rubbed, minor wear, hinge strengthened, scattered foxing, marginal finger soiling, small dampstain to corner of several leaves, some offsetting to engravings, minor tears, one chip affecting a few lines of text, scattered creasing, one marginal notation inked in. Sabin 23365, 55377. Palau 79237. Medina: BHA 2233. European Americana 714/45. Item #44307
In addition to being one of "the most important and one of the rarest books on the history of the Basque provinces", containing much information on many of America's colonizers, "it is of special interest" for its first description of "the conquest of the province of Ytza by Martin de Ursua y Arizmendi, count of Lizarraga Vengoa, native of the valley of Valdorba" (Le Clerc 1878) on pages 207 to 279.
Martín de Ursúa y Arizmendi (1653-1715), a Spanish Basque conquistador in Central America headed the 1696–97 military expedition which led to the fall of the last significant independent Maya stronghold, Nojpetén, located on an island in Lake Petén Itzá in the northern Petén Basin region of present-day Guatemala. "This political and ritual center was densely covered with temples, royal palaces, and thatched houses, and its capture represented a decisive moment in the final chapter of the Spanish conquest of the Mayas. The capture of Nojpeten climaxed more than two years of preparation by the Spaniards. The conquest, far from being final, initiated years of continued struggle between Yucatecan and Guatemalan Spaniards and native Maya groups for control over the surrounding forests. Despite protracted resistance from the native inhabitants, thousands of them were forced to move into mission towns, though in 1704 the Mayas staged an abortive and bloody rebellion that threatened to recapture Nojpeten from the Spaniards" (Grant Jones: The Conquest of the Last Maya Kingdom. Stanford U. P., 1998).
Martín de Ursúa would go on to become Governor and Captain General of the Provinces of Yzta, Cozumel and Tabasco and later Governor and Captain General of the Philippines.